Demand for Battery Metals has increased significantly in the last two decades. The focus on battery metal demand recently has been on electric vehicles (EV) and grid power storage. The market for Battery Metals is projected to grow exponentially in the next two decades. ABMC is committed to being a major supplier of Battery Metals through its three Battery Metal business divisions; Mining, Extraction and Recycling.
Battery Metals Mining
Our Battery Metals Mining division is focused on exploring for and the mining of battery metals (specifically Lithium) at our property claims in Railroad Valley, Nevada. On April 5, 2019 the Company announced the start of its’ first drill program (RRV#01) in Railroad Valley, NV
Made in America, American Battery Metal Corporation holds 1,300 lithium mineral claims, totaling 26,000 acres, located in Railroad Valley of Nye County, Nevada. Railroad Valley is approximately 112 miles northeast of Clayton Valley and can be accessed by paved highway directly from U.S. Route 6. Railroad Valley is one of Nevada’s largest trapped basins and is noted to hold all the necessary commercial and engineering prerequisites for a massive lithium brine deposit. The Company’s claims have been evaluated by experts and the BLM and are in planned on-site exploration.
Railroad Valley Exploration Site # 01 (RRV#01)
On March 15, 2019 the Company announced it has set a date of April 8 to drill their first exploratory and production well in Railroad Valley, NV. ABMC’s drilling contractor is Welsco Corp., with 50 years of experience conducting geothermal, water well, and mineral exploration. The lead drill manager will be George Scheid.
On March 18, 2019 the Company announced that in addition to its estimated amounts of lithium, the Company’s brine pool contains large commerical quantities of soda ash and potash. ABMC’s early scientific studies suggest that Railroad valley brines may contain multiple minerals along with sulfates and carbonates (considered as valuable anions in comparison with chlorides), amounting to significant 35-37 weight percentage solids. This finding may be great news for ABMC’s exploration for battery metals and other valuable minerals.
On April 5, 2019 the Company announced it should have the first hundred feet of the drill program underway in the next few days, taking two to three weeks to drill and another 60 to 120 days for chemistry results on the samples.
On April 18, 2019 the Company announced preliminary geophysical survey results that indicate major conductivity from around 1,200 feet down to 3,500 feet in its project in Railroad Valley, NV (RRV#01). Because of these exciting geophysical results, the mining company will be drilling an extra 1,000 feet to 3,500 feet into its first exploration hole.
On May 2, 2019 the Company announced that its drilling had reached a target depth of 3,000 feet at its project in Railroad Valley NV (RRV#01).
This milestone was reached ahead of schedule and now the Company is gathering and logging all the data.
The Railroad Valley covers approximately 26,000 acres in a region of known lithium-enriched brines. We acquired the land that comprises the RRV#01 project by locating mining claims and obtaining a mining property lease through the Nevada BLM. On September 12, 2018 the Company announced that it had secured an additional 20,000 acres of strategic land holdings at their Railroad Valley Lithium Exploration Project that cover the favorable closed basin salar (salt flat).
The Railroad Valley is a closed drainage basin that covers an area of approximately 2,000 square miles (5,180 square kilometers) with a geologic setting that is dominated by lake and basin-fill sediments which overlie petroleum reservoirs. The basin is bounded on its westerly margin by Tertiary-age volcanic rocks of the Pancake Range, which are enriched in lithium and are potential source rocks for lithium brines. In the Railroad Valley Project area, there appears to be a convergence of several factors favorable for lithium brine formation, including a deep, hydrologically closed basin covered by an evaporative playa. Previous oil exploration in the basin, adjacent to LithiumOre’s newly acquired property, has encountered significant thicknesses of evaporitic and ash-fall sediments, and has demonstrated the existence of a large geothermal anomaly underlying the entire basin. The geothermal anomaly is further evidenced by numerous hot springs on the west side of the basin and adjacent to the project area, indicative of convective cycling within the local saline groundwater system. The numerous identifiable mechanisms for the potential concentration of lithium brines within the basin are highly promising and create a compelling exploration target. Such geophysical anomalies, in addition to their proximity to potential lithium source rocks, nearby geothermal energy occurrences and the presence of evaporative processes found on the existing playa, reflect the major characteristics favorable for lithium brine development.
Lithium Mining and Supply
There are only two ways currently to obtain lithium: Hard rock (including clay) mining and brine deposit mining. Traditional hard rock mining is time-consuming, energy and cost intensive (approximately four times the cost of brine deposit mining), and has a larger environmental impact. In lithium brine mining, the salt rich brines are pumped from beneath the surface and fed into a series of large, shallow ponds. Initial 200 to +1,000 parts per million (ppm) lithium brine solution is concentrated by solar evaporation and yields up to 6,000 ppm lithium after 18 – 24 months processing period. The extraction process is low cost/high margin and battery grade lithium carbonate can be extracted. The cost-effectiveness of brine operations has forced even large producers in China and Russia to develop their own brine sources or buy most of their needed raw materials from brine producers. The current (Brine) major lithium producers, are known as the “Lithium Three”: Sociedad Quimica y Minera (SQM), Rockwood/Chemetall and FMC. The Lithium Three are all extracting lithium from Puna Plateau salar brines. Most of the lithium produced today comes from brines in Chile, Argentina and Nevada.
Lithium Brine Extraction Process
As previously mentioned, lithium brine is concentrated through solar evaporation which takes 18-24 months. The advantage we will have is the ability to reduce this time to production. LithiumOre has recently signed a Joint Venture agreement with CINC Industries, Inc. for exclusive rights to its battery metals extraction technology within the US. This technology will reduce processing time to one week.
Lithium is set to be one of the tightest global markets in terms of supply for the next five decades. A number of global major economies are now mandating 100% EVs by as early as 2025 and 54% of global car sales are expected to be EVs by 2040. There is a clear impact on ever increasing demand from lithium processing factories for raw materials. To this end, our Railroad Valley Project is in the right place, at the right time. LithiumOre’s focus is on developing lithium brines. Our corporate goal is to produce a lithium mineral resource estimate for our Railroad Valley project in the last part of 2018. Concurrently, research will continue to locate the most effective and efficient extraction technologies on the market
Claim Location and Geologic Setting
The claims are located in the Basin and Range physiographic province which stretches from southern Oregon and Idaho to Mexico. It is characterized by extreme elevation changes between mountains and flat intermountain valleys or basins. Plate tectonics powered by crustal spreading broadly generates two types of forces: compression as plates are moved together and extension as those forces relax. Compression was the dominant geologic force affecting the western United States beginning about 200 million years ago as the Pacific Ocean plate moved eastward under the North American continent. Those forces compressed the overlying pile of sedimentary rocks accumulated over hundreds of millions of years into a thick stack reaching up to elevations of 10 – 14,000 feet, similar to the altiplano of Mexico and South America which formed at the same time from similar forces. That highland plateau stretched west – east from the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California to the Wasatch Range in Utah. Extension became the dominant force beginning in the Eocene – Oligocene epochs approximately 55 to 25 million years ago. Also, the relative movement of the tectonic plates changed about 30 million years ago with the movement becoming more oblique to the continent. That relaxed the compressional forces and also tended to ‘tear’ the crust apart, creating diagonal extensions. The resulting compressional and extensional tectonics have created throughout Nevada a classical Basin and Range province consisting of narrow, N- to NE-trending, fault block mountain chains separated by flat, linear valleys. This geological pattern is repeated across the State and has created a number of currently arid, ‘trapped’ or closed basins with respect to drainage that have the potential of containing Lithium Brine deposits.
Climate at RRV Location Site
Railroad Valley is in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The region is arid to almost semiarid. Winters are cold while summers are hot. Average annual precipitation is approximately 5 inches; however, variations occur at differing altitudes. Exploration can be conducted year around.
The Railroad Valley contains several small communities; which include Currant, Crows Nest, Green Springs, Lockes, and Nyala. Electrical power is available within the valley area. The larger population centers of Ely and Tonopah are connected via U.S. Route 6 to the project area. Tonopah has a population of approximately 2,500 and is the governmental center for the region. Ely has a population of approximately 4,250 and is the closest commercial center. Groceries, hardware, a bank and a choice of motels and restaurants are available in both Ely and Tonopah. The area has a long history of mining. Mining personnel can be sourced mostly from the larger towns of Tonopah or Ely.
A reasonable network of 4×4, graded and paved roads connects the claim area to the rest of Nevada. Electrical power is available at several sites throughout the valley and could easily provide power to any operation at the project area. The nearest rail and large commercial airline service is to Las Vegas, NV approximately 169 miles to the south.
Battery Metals Extraction
American Battery Metals Corporation plans to economically recover Lithium from its brine pool in the Railroad Valley. It’s planned development for the extraction of Lithium from brine is expected to employ industrially established processes compiled into their own proprietary extraction process and/or license a proven extraction process by partnering with a leading extraction company.
American Battery Metals Corporation plans to develop and demonstrate an original, supportable and superior Lithium extraction process as a substitute to the conventional evaporation based technology. Researching and evaluating the different extraction approaches are currently taking place in their Comstock Laboratory in Nevada. The company’s chemists will work together with global extraction technology companies on process testing, engineering, and process design at the Comstock Laboratory.
American Battery Metals is exploring multiple lithium extraction technologies to cost effectively recover battery grade lithium products from Brines. The brine is initially pre-treated to remove certain minerals and passed onto an absorption or ion exchange materials-based columns. After selectively recovering lithium, the lithium solution will be concentrated and further purified to obtain battery grade lithium hydroxide or lithium carbonate. The lithium depleted brine will be re-injected back into the ground to make the entire process environmentally friendly.
We are also exploring multiple emerging lithium extraction technologies, such as solvent, membrane, electrolytic, and combination of technologies to ensure, we produce high quality battery grade lithium at low cost given our brine profile. ABM is committed to implement state of the art extraction and processing technologies to create value for its stakeholders and stay competitive.
On October 16, 2018 ABMC signed a Joint Venture agreement with CINC Industries, Inc. for exclusive rights to its battery metals extraction technology in the U.S.
For over 20 years, CINC’s proprietary extraction technology has been a leader in the field of chemical extraction. CINC has serviced a wide range of industries including petroleum, chemical, mining, pharmaceutical and environmental industries. CINC’s technology was employed at the Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes in China in their proven Lithium extraction from brine processes. The Joint Venture will employ this same proven technology to extract lithium from AMBC’s salt brines that are currently being explored at their Railroad Valley drilling site.
The agreement grants ABMC exclusive rights to CINC’s proprietary battery metals extraction technology in North America. ABMC will deploy the technology to extract lithium salt from salt brine at their Railroad Valley Lithium Project in Nevada and will market, promote and sell CINC’s existing and/or future processing equipment to the global battery metals mining industry.
It is well known in the industry that extracting lithium from brines is much more cost efficient than extracting lithium through hard rock mining. The issue with lithium brine extraction historically is that it requires evaporation ponds to remove the liquid water from the lithium brines, which can take 18 months to achieve. CINC’s centrifugal technology has the potential to reduce the 18-month processing time to one week or less.
Stay up to date and follow America Battery Metals Corporation as the Company progresses with its discovery of Lithium rich brine in the Railroad Valley Drilling Project and its progress with Battery Metals Extraction Technology in its Comstock Laboratory, where this proposed new technology can be fully evaluated and test samples of battery grade lithium can be produced for potential clients.
Established Lithium Extraction
The conventional extraction of lithium, through the evaporation of brines, can have significant impacts on water resources and ecology. The conventional process evaporates water from brines in large ponds (thousands of acres), which are expensive to build and maintain. This one-way movement of water from the ground to the atmosphere can result in significant impacts on groundwater as well as land subsidence. Further, residual salt waste is collected and stored in massive salt piles that scar the landscape and present a risk to the environment.
Evaporation based lithium processing suffers from poor recovery, typically less than 50%, and is affected by precipitation and other aspects of the weather. The vagaries of weather and climate can therefore impact project economics and time to market.
In addition, the high salt environment in and around the evaporation ponds can be toxic to flora and fauna; related leaching, spills, or air emissions can harm communities, ecosystems and food production. In short, the old evaporation technology is expensive, potentially harmful, and does not optimize the resource.
The European Commission on Science for Environmental Policy states that lithium’s “continued use needs to be monitored, especially as lithium mining’s toxicity and location in places of natural beauty can cause significant environmental, health, and social impacts.”
Battery Metals Recycling
American Battery Metals Corporation (ABMC) is researching and exploring solutions and products both for recycling of battery raw materials and the different type of metallurgical unit processing. ABMC is moving forward in order to be well positioned in supporting the rapidly increasing requirement of recycling end-of-life batteries within a sustainable and profitable process.
Encounters in the recycling of batteries metals
The recycling of auto batteries and the raw materials they possess is forecasted to increase significantly within the next decade, propelled especially by the life cycle of the batteries used for the rapidly growing electric automobile industry. Meaningful and substantial effort will be needed in the whole supply chain of recycling batteries to meet the economic and technological challenges and increase efficiency in the recovery and recycle of all valuable elements. New operating models, like reuse of batteries for other less intensive consumers, will also affect the economics and operations that will evolve around used batteries, but will not eliminate the ensuing need for recycling the key raw materials.
Modernizations within the whole recycling value chain will be necessary
Current companies center the metallurgical recycling process on two primary directions;
- Pyrometallurgical treatment followed by hydrometallurgical processes to produce new metallic products on the market
- Direct hydrometallurgical treatment for the completely sorted and separated battery components.
It is likely that the future will also consist of recycling plants operating based on these main routes, even if business models, costs of processing and economic value of the raw materials contained in the batteries will drive operators and businesses through different processing paths. The type, end use and chemistries of batteries will change, develop and grow. This will make room for different types of battery recycling processing alternatives. The two primary metallurgical recycling processes are presented in the flow chart below.
American Battery Metals Corp. (OTC Markets: ABML) is engaged in the exploration, mining, extraction, and recycling of Battery Metals. We are a leading U. S. based battery metals producer known for our low cost, long life lithium production and respected for our commitment to a clean future. ABMC continues to deliver long-term stockholder value by focusing resources on the growth of its core assets; Mining assets, Expert team, Public company and Extraction technologies.
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Statements in this presentation that are not descriptions of historical facts are forward-looking statements relating to future events, and as such all forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements may contain certain forward-looking statements pertaining to future anticipated or projected plans, performance and developments, as well as other statements relating to future operations and results. Any statements in this presentation that are not statements of historical fact may be considered to be forward-looking statements. Words such as "may," "will," "expect," "believe," "anticipate," "estimate," "intends," "goal," "objective," "seek," "attempt," or variations of these or similar words, identify forward-looking statements.
These forward-looking statements by their nature are estimates of future results only and involve substantial risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to risks associated with the uncertainty of future financial results, additional financing requirements, development of new products, successful completion of the Company’s proposed restructuring, the impact of competitive products or pricing, technological changes, the effect of economic conditions and other uncertainties detailed from time to time in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. There can be no assurance that our actual results will not differ materially from expectations and other factors more fully described in our public filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, which can be reviewed at www.sec.gov.